Bayreuth (German: [baɪˈʁɔʏt] (), Upper Franconian: [ba(ː)ˈɾaɪ̯t]; Bavarian: Bareid) is a medium-sized town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Franconian Jura and the Fichtelgebirge Mountains.The town's roots date back to 1194. In the 21st century, it is the capital of Upper Franconia and has a population of 72,148 (2015).